Category: R&D, innovation, and commercialization

Overview: The Science and Engineering Indicators State Data Tool presents 58 indicators that can be explored through tables, charts, and maps. Indicators can be examined in depth or compared to one another. Tables can show up to 20 years of data by year or state with time trends. Charts show indicators over years for all states and can be sorted by year or state. The quartile map shows the geographic distribution of an indicator by year. Comparisons can be made across states or years with varying selection. Indicators include a variety of variables of elementary and secondary education performance, higher education achievement, workforce measures, R&D input and output statistics, and science and technology in the economy measures.

Coverage: Data is available on all states over the last 20 years for 58 indicators of science and technology in education, the workforce, R&D, and the economy.

Form: Aggregate data tables, charts, maps

Key Data Elements:

Elementary & secondary education

  • Math & science performance & proficiency for fourth & eighth graders
  • Rates of AP testing
  • Public school teach salaries
  • School expenditures as share of GDP per pupil
Higher education
  • Rates of bachelor’s degrees conferred
  • Science & engineering degrees ratio
  • State funding of universities & student aid
Science & technology in the economy
  • High tech establishment rates
  • High tech employment rates
  • Venture Capital investments
Financial R&D inputs
  • R&D as percentage of GDP
  • Federal R&D obligations
  • State agency R&D expenditures
R&D outputs
  • Science & engineering doctorates
  • Academic science & engineering article output
  • Academic patents awarded


  • Science & engineering occupations in the workforce
  • Percentages of science & technology careers in the workforce

Geographic Detail: State

Timeframe: Varies by indicator but some date back to 1993

Frequency: Data are updated in accordance with the biennial Science and Engineering Indicators

Data Sources: Data sources are listed for each indicator and include NCSES, BLS, Census, NCES, and BEA.  Some data in the tool are derived from administrative records from patent offices, and publication records.

Access: Publicly available

Potential Uses for Regional Analysis: Assessment of trends in science and technology over time and across states

For Additional Information:

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